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Baía de Guanabara
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Baía de Guanabara

Since its discovery in 1501 was the main access to the city Rio de Janeiro for many centuries, until being absorbed by urban growth from the second half of the 20th century.

Result of a tectonic depression, is the second biggest Bay of the Brazilian coast, with an area of approximately 380 km2.  Your extension can be considered Copacabana to Itaipú, inNiterói.

With 20 islets and 55 rivers and streams flowing on his deathbed, the Baia de Guanabara is rich in mangroves, with typical vegetation of the Atlantic forest, but that victim of pollution and rampant exploitation, has difficulty of survival.

In its waters we can see dolphins, turtles, catfish, paratis, mullets and sardines. The latter quite sought after by local fishermen. The Bay is also flyway of Southern Right whales, in search of warmer waters for procreation.

It currently has a heavy traffic of international ships toward Zona Portuária and ferries, catamarans and hydrofoils that daily traverse the Bay, going Rio to Niterói  or Paquetá. In part of the Bay that takes the Urca district it is possible to leave the boat in a stroll around its islands.

Since 1990 the Guanabara Bay has been the target of numerous projects in an attempt to despoluí it.

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Some excerpts from the shores of Guanabara Bay were grounded for the construction of piers and public roads, like the Aterro do Flamengo, Brazil Avenue, the red line, the Rodovia Niterói-Manilha, among others. The first landfill in the Bay were made in the 17th century and correspond to present-day Praça XV. Eight Islands were connected by land to build, between 1949 and 1952, the university town, and the main airport of Rio de Janeiro.


About 80 thousand people use the ferries as primary means of crossing between Rio and Niteroi, across Guanabara Bay.


There are records of human occupation in the Guanabara Bay dating back to 8 thousand years. When the first Portuguese arrived to the River, it is estimated that there were between 30 and 40 tupian indigenous villages bordering the Bay, with about 3 thousand to 5 thousand Indians each.


The Guanabara Bay begins on the beach of Copacabana (Rio de Janeiro) and ends at Itaipú (Niterói), and lard 7 (seven) municipalities (Rio de Janeiro, Niterói, Duque de Caxias, São Gonçalo, Itaboraí, Guapimirim and Magé).

Preservation area

Today the Bay is considered, in the Constitution of Rio de Janeiro, permanent preservation area (art. 265) and Relevant ecological interest area (art. 266).


The schooner Guanabara Bay is a must-see attraction. The navigation company offers daily tours leaving Sloops Tour of Marina da Glória. More information siteyou give in.

All scales because God dances

How about join theater and a stroll along Guanabara Bay?! The piece 'All scales because God dances ' allows you to watch the show based on the book of the same poem, Aline Guimarães, from inside a boat.

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Other ideas for the River

If you went by the Praia de Botafogo, certainly wondered what it is that huge head in the middle of the Guanabara Bay. Here's the answer: it is the first action of other ideas for the River, which over the next few months will bring six artists of international renown to interfere in a way unprecedented in the landscape of Rio de Janeiro.

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Carioquinha Project

Proving to be carioca is good year-round, the project reaches its 14th edition Carioquinha bringing special prices for the inhabitants of Rio to take advantage of the winter in the marvelous city.

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