Baía de Guanabara
Since its discovery in 1501 was the main access to the city Rio de Janeiro for many centuries, until being absorbed by urban growth from the second half of the 20th century.
Result of a tectonic depression, is the second biggest Bay of the Brazilian coast, with an area of approximately 380 km2. Your extension can be considered Copacabana to Itaipú, inNiterói.
With 20 islets and 55 rivers and streams flowing on his deathbed, the Baia de Guanabara is rich in mangroves, with typical vegetation of the Atlantic forest, but that victim of pollution and rampant exploitation, has difficulty of survival.
In its waters we can see dolphins, turtles, catfish, paratis, mullets and sardines. The latter quite sought after by local fishermen. The Bay is also flyway of Southern Right whales, in search of warmer waters for procreation.
It currently has a heavy traffic of international ships toward Zona Portuária and ferries, catamarans and hydrofoils that daily traverse the Bay, going Rio to Niterói or Paquetá. In part of the Bay that takes the Urca district it is possible to leave the boat in a stroll around its islands.
Since 1990 the Guanabara Bay has been the target of numerous projects in an attempt to despoluí it.